When and where did the nested doll first appear, who thought it up? Why a wooden folding toy doll is called a matryoshka nesting doll? What does this unique piece of folk art symbolize?
To begin, let me remind you the main versions-myths, regularly copied for carbon paper and wander through the pages of various publications.
Frequently repeated well-known version: A matryoshka nesting dolls appeared in Russia at the end of the 19th century, it was invented by its artist Malyutin, turned by turner Zvezdochkin in the Mamontov’s Child education workshop, and the prototype of the Russian matryoshka nesting dolls served as a figure of one of the seven Japanese gods of luck the god of learning and wisdom Fukuruma. He is Fukurokuju, he is Fukurokuju (in different sources there is a different transcription of the name).
- The prototype of the Russian matryoshka nesting doll (also has Indian roots) is a Japanese wooden doll. For the sample they took a Japanese toy daruma, a doll. According to its origins, it represents the image of the ancient Indian sage Daruma in the V century, moved to China. His teaching in the middle Ages was widely spread in Japan.
- Daruma called for the comprehension of truth through silent contemplation, and in one of the legends he is a cave recluse, plump with immobility. According to another legend, his legs were deprived of his immobility (hence the legless sculpted images of Daruma).
- Nevertheless, the matryoshka nesting dolls immediately gained unprecedented recognition as a symbol of Russian folk art.
Matryoshka nesting dolls – it’s warm and cozy in the house
It is difficult to disagree with the latter – the more places in the matryoshka nesting dolls, i.e. the more internal figures, one is smaller than the other, the more you can put there little notes with desires and wait for them to be performed)) This is a kind of game, and the matryoshka nesting dolls here acts as a very charming, sweet, homemade character, a real work of art.
We know that, in the traditions of our Ancestors, various jewelry (female and male), household items, as well as toys carved from wood or made from clay, played the role of not just objects that brighten life – but were also carriers of certain symbolism, which something meaningful. And the very concept of symbolism is closely intertwined with mythology.
Also surprising, it seems, is the coincidence of the name of Matron, who migrated (according to the generally accepted version) from Latin to Russian, with the ancient Indian images.
In the Mythological Dictionary, the following is written:
Other Mother, emphasis is placed on the first syllable in Hindu mythology, divine mothers, personifying the creative and destructive forces of nature. The idea of ??active femininity began to be widely recognized in Hinduism in connection with the spread of the Shakti cult. Matri were considered as female personifications of the creative energy of the great gods.
The classic Russian matryoshka nesting doll consists of five or seven dolls, the smallest of which is a child. A Russian souvenir matryoshka nesting doll is made of oak or alder, covered with lime mortar to prevent desiccation and varnish. They paint matryoshka nesting dolls with gouache or do not paint them at all, but they burn the drawing, so skillfully that at first glance you don’t understand that there is no paint on the doll.
The peak of the popularity of matryoshka nesting dolls fell on the beginning of the 60s of the twentieth century, when foreigners began to come to the Soviet Union to participate in festivals and studies. They all tried to buy Russian matryoshka nesting dolls in memory of Russia. Now, you don’t have to go to Russia to buy these festive dolls, you can now buy them at online stores such as https://nestingdolls.co.
Why precisely dolls, and not, say, scarves or jewelry boxes?
Most likely, the reason for the popularity of the souvenir matryoshka nesting dolls was that it was the personification of Russia itself with its wide soul, colorful clothes and large families. Matryoshka nesting dolls symbolizes the continuation of life. A woman gives birth to a daughter, who in turn will give life to the world, and so on. Matryoshka nesting dolls a symbol of fertility, wealth, motherhood. That is why she enjoys such popular love.
The outfit of a Russian matryoshka nesting doll can be very diverse, but, as a rule, there is a painted scarf or kokoshnik and floral ornament. In the hands of the doll can be a basket of mushrooms, a bucket of water, a sickle. You can meet a matryoshka nesting dolls bride, and even a matryoshka nesting dolls groom, a matryoshka nesting dolls girl for marriage and a matryoshka nesting dolls doll a mature woman. Sometimes the artist puts on the nested doll in a winter outfit a fur coat, a warm scarf, and even felt boots. Russian matryoshka nesting dolls are very diverse in shape and painting, depending on their place of origin.
Today, the Matryoshka nesting dolls brand is actively used throughout the world. Designers from different countries offer various stylistic solutions, as well as the most unexpected options for the Russian matryoshka nesting doll.